Peer Reviewed: Tobacco Smoking in Islands of the Pacific Region, 2001--2013

Kessaram, Tara, McKenzie, Jeanie, Girin, Natalie, Roth, Adam, Vivili, Paula, Williams, Gail and Hoy, Damian (2015) Peer Reviewed: Tobacco Smoking in Islands of the Pacific Region, 2001--2013. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12.


We provide an overview of tobacco smoking patterns in Pacific island countries and territories to facilitate monitoring progress toward the goal of a Tobacco-Free Pacific by 2025. We examined data from 4 surveys conducted in the region between 2001 and 2013, including the STEPwise approach to surveillance for adults (25–64 years); the Global School-Based Student Health Survey and the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (students 13–15 years); and the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (grade 9–12 students) in United States affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPIs). Adult smoking prevalence ranged from less than 5% of women in Vanuatu to almost 75% of men in Kiribati. Smoking prevalence among students (13–15 years) ranged between 5.6% and 52.1%. There were declines in smoking among youths in many USAPIs. To achieve the tobacco-free goal and reduce disease burden, accelerated action is needed to align national legislation with international agreements and build capacity for tobacco control at all levels.

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