Time-discrete SIR model for COVID-19 in Fiji

Singh, Rishal Amar, Lal, Rajnesh and Kotti, Ramanuja Rao (2022) Time-discrete SIR model for COVID-19 in Fiji. Time-discrete SIR model for COVID-19 in Fiji, 150 (2022): e75. pp. 1-10.


Using the data provided by Fiji’s ministry of health and medical services, we apply an implicit time-discrete SIR (susceptible people–infectious people–removed people) model that tracks
the transmission and recovering rate at time, t to predict the trend of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Fiji. The model implied time-varying transmission and recovery rates were calculated from 4 May 2021 to 9 October 2021. The estimator functions for these rates were determined, and a short-term (30 days) forecast was done. The model was
validated with observed values of the active and recovered cases from 11 October 2021 to 9 December 2021. Statistical results reveal a good fit of profiles between model simulated and
the reported COVID-19 data. The gradual decrease of the time-varying basic reproduction number with values below one towards the end of the study period suggest the government’s
success in controlling the epidemic. The mean reproduction number for the second wave of COVID-19 in Fiji was estimated as 2.7818. The results from this study can be used by researchers, the Fijian government, and the relevant health policy makers in making informed decisions should a third COVID-19 wave occur.

[thumbnail of lal-et-al-2022-an-assessment-of-transmission-dynamics-via-time-varying-reproduction-number-of-the-second-wave-of-the.pdf]
lal-et-al-2022-an-assessment-of-transmission-dynamics-via-time-varying-reproduction-number-of-the-second-wave-of-the.pdf - Published Version

Download (875kB) | Preview


Downloads per month over past year

View Item